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Do you know how much harm plastic cause us in our daily life. Today we are going to look at the negative impact of plastic on our environment and how it affect us personally.
The use of plastic bags has been a free and painless solution for carrying our purchased items and for a range of other purposes.
It is only recently that the damaging effects have been realised and so people are being discouraged from using it.
Banning plastic has become a topic of concern and has started to gain attention over the last few years but still needs further clarity.
Why are plastics bad for the environment and for our health? Plastics are made from crude oil. This is a problem because crude oil emits significant amounts of pollution and it means the product is not biodegradable. According to research it takes at least 400 years for a plastic to biodegrade.
The following are some of the negative effects of plastic in our environment:
Plastic pollution causes harm to humans, animals and plants through toxic pollutants. It can take hundreds or even thousands of years for plastic to break down so the environmental damage is long-lasting.
Natural Environment estimates that approximately 100,000 sea turtles and other marine animals die every year because they get strangled in plastic bags or mistake them for food.
About 50 million plastics end up as litter yearly, and about 80% of it patch in the Sea, covering the Sea surface leading to the destruction of habits and wildlife.
Plastic pollution affects all organisms in the food chain. Toxins work their way up the food chain when plastic is ingested and can even be present in the fish we eat.
We can help the environment by employing the reuse and refill model in our supermarkets, shops and cafes, adopting the habit of preparing our own lunch for work or eat our last night leftovers and cutting back on unnecessary packaging.
We can also make progress to reduce plastic usage by employing the use of paper bags and also campaign to ban plastic bags.
Several African countries, including Kenya, have banned plastic bags entirely. In Mauritius, they only use a dissolvable corn starch plastic bag in the supermarkets, even away from the tourist areas.
We can do this too in our country to avoid the harmful effects of plastics.